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Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 04 - This Land Is My Land

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Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 05 - Hired Guns »

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Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do?

Lecture Four

This Land Is My Land

 PART ONE: THIS LAND IS MY LAND
The philosopher John Locke believes that individuals have certain rights so fundamental that no government can ever take them away. These rights—to life, liberty and property—were given to us as human beings in the the state of nature, a time before government and laws were created. According to Locke, our natural rights are governed by the law of nature, known by reason, which says that we can neither give them up nor take them away from anyone else. Sandel wraps up the lecture by raising a question: what happens to our natural rights once we enter society and consent to a system of laws?

 
PART TWO: CONSENTING ADULTS

If we all have unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property, how can a government enforce tax laws passed by the representatives of a mere majority? Doesnt that amount to taking some peoples property without their consent? Lockes response is that we give our tacit consent to obey the tax laws passed by a majority when we choose to live in a society. Therefore, taxation is legitimate and compatible with individual rights, as long as it applies to everyone and does not arbitrarily single anyone out.

Other videos in channel "Lecture Hall":

Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 01 - The Moral Side Of Murder Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 01 - The Moral Side Of Murder Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 02 - Putting A Price Tag On Life Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 02 - Putting A Price Tag On Life Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 03 - Free To Choose Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 03 - Free To Choose
Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 04 - This Land Is My Land Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 04 - This Land Is My Land Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 05 - Hired Guns Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 05 - Hired Guns
Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 06 - Mind Your Motive Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 06 - Mind Your Motive Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 07 - A Lesson In Lying Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 07 - A Lesson In Lying Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 08 - What's A Fair Start Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 08 - What's A Fair Start
Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 09 - Arguing Affirmative Action Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 09 - Arguing Affirmative Action Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 10 - The Good Citizen Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 10 - The Good Citizen
Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 11 - The Claims Of Community Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 11 - The Claims Of Community Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 12 - Debating Same-Sex Marriage Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? 12 - Debating Same-Sex Marriage  
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