DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Ho Chi Minh
Biography of Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh The Man and The Myth
Man of the Month: Ho Chi Minh

« Henry Lincoln

Huey Long »

Description

Ho Chi Minh

From Wikipedia

Hồ Chí Minh
(19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969)
born Nguyễn Sinh Cung and also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc,
was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister (1945–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War.

He led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at battle of Dien Bien Phu. He officially stepped down from power in 1955 due to health problems, but remained a highly visible figurehead and inspiration for Vietnamese fighting for his cause – a united, communist Vietnam – until his death. After the war, Saigon, capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.

In 1941, Ho returned to Vietnam to lead the Viet Minh independence movement. The "men in black" were a 10,000 member guerrilla force that operated with the Viet Minh. He oversaw many successful military actions against the Vichy French and Japanese occupation of Vietnam during World War II, supported closely but clandestinely by the United States Office of Strategic Services, and later against the French bid to reoccupy the country (1946–54). He was jailed in China by Chiang Kai-shek's local authorities before being rescued by Chinese Communists. Following his release in 1943, he returned to Vietnam. He was treated for malaria and dysentery by American OSS doctors.

Following the August Revolution (1945) organized by the Viet Minh, Ho became Chairman of the Provisional Government (Premier of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and issued a Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Although he convinced Emperor Bao Dai to abdicate, his government was not recognized by any country. He repeatedly petitioned American President Harry S. Truman for support for Vietnamese independence, citing the Atlantic Charter, but Truman never responded.

According to some sources, 1945, in a power struggle, the Viet Minh killed members of rival groups, such as the leader of the Constitutional Party, the head of the Party for Independence, and Ngo Dinh Diem's brother, Ngo Dinh Khoi. Purges and killings of Trotskyists were also documented in The Black Book of Communism.

In 1946, when Ho traveled outside of the country, his subordinates imprisoned 2,500 non-communist nationalists and forced 6,000 others to flee. Hundreds of political opponents were jailed or exiled in July 1946, notably members of the National Party of Vietnam and the Dai Viet National Party, after a failed attempt to raise a coup against the Vietminh government. All rival political parties were hereafter banned and local governments were purge to minimize opposition later on.

However, it was noted that the Democratic Republic of Vietnam's first Congress had over two-third of its members come from non-Viet Minh political factions, some without election. NPV party leader Nguyen Hai Than was named Vice President. They also held four out of ten ministerial positions.

Tags

     

Other videos in channel "People":

A Study In Sherlock A Study In Sherlock Aileen Wournos - The Selling Of A Serial Killer Aileen Wournos - The Selling Of A Serial Killer Alberto Santos-Dumont Alberto Santos-Dumont
Alfred Hitchcock Alfred Hitchcock Anwar Sadat Anwar Sadat
Assassination of Patrice Lumumba Assassination of Patrice Lumumba Beethoven Beethoven Betty Ford Betty Ford
Billie Holiday Billie Holiday Bobby Darin Bobby Darin
Bobby Fischer - Anything To Win Bobby Fischer - Anything To Win Brian Clough Brian Clough Cat Stevens Cat Stevens
Charles Darwin Charles Darwin Charles Dickens Charles Dickens Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin
Chopin Chopin Chris Boardman Chris Boardman Citizen Berlusconi Citizen Berlusconi
Colonel Gaddafi Colonel Gaddafi Deke Slayton Deke Slayton Dolly Parton Dolly Parton
Dr. Goebbels Speaks Dr. Goebbels Speaks Dreams With Sharp Teeth Dreams With Sharp Teeth Dusty Springfield Dusty Springfield
Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe Edith Piaf Biography Edith Piaf Biography Edna O'Brien Edna O'Brien
Elizabeth II Elizabeth II Emma Goldman Emma Goldman Emperor Hirohito Emperor Hirohito
Endurance - Shackleton Endurance - Shackleton Eric Cantona Eric Cantona Eva Perón Eva Perón
Fidel Castro Fidel Castro Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass Genius of Mozart Genius of Mozart
George Best George Best Geronimo Geronimo Gods Of Brazil Gods Of Brazil
Golda Meir Golda Meir Grace Kelly Grace Kelly Harry Houdini Harry Houdini
Henry Lincoln Henry Lincoln Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh Huey Long Huey Long
Hugo Chávez Hugo Chávez Ian Fleming's story Ian Fleming's story Idi Amin Idi Amin
Imelda Marcos Imelda Marcos Irena Sendler Irena Sendler Jack Kerouac - King of the Beats Jack Kerouac - King of the Beats
Jack Ripper Jack Ripper Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson Jenny Clack Jenny Clack
Jimi Hendrix Jimi Hendrix Joan Baez Joan Baez John Akii-Bua John Akii-Bua
John Pierpont Morgan John Pierpont Morgan Julie Andrews Julie Andrews King Of Communism King Of Communism
Lance Armstrong Lance Armstrong Lang Lang Lang Lang Life and Death of Steven Biko Life and Death of Steven Biko
Lise Meitner Lise Meitner Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong Marcus Garvey Marcus Garvey
Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher Maria Callas Maria Callas Marvin Gaye Marvin Gaye
Mel Blanc - The Man of a Thousand Voices Mel Blanc - The Man of a Thousand Voices Memo from Machiavelli Memo from Machiavelli Mike Tyson Mike Tyson
Milosevic On Trial Milosevic On Trial Milton Friedman Milton Friedman Mother Teresa Mother Teresa
Mr Death -  The Rise and Fall of Fred A Leuchter Jr. Mr Death - The Rise and Fall of Fred A Leuchter Jr. Muhammad Ali Muhammad Ali Murder On A Sunday Morning Murder On A Sunday Morning
Nanook Of The North - 1922 Nanook Of The North - 1922 Norman McLaren Norman McLaren Orson Welles Orson Welles
Pamela Harriman Pamela Harriman People of the Seal People of the Seal Peter Lorre Peter Lorre
Ronnie Biggs Ronnie Biggs Sherlock Holmes The True Story of Dr. Joseph Bell Sherlock Holmes The True Story of Dr. Joseph Bell Simon Mann's African Coup Simon Mann's African Coup
Sister Rosetta Tharpe Sister Rosetta Tharpe Sisters In Law Sisters In Law Sixto Rodriguez Sixto Rodriguez
Sugar Ray Robinson Sugar Ray Robinson The Beatles The Beatles The Diary Of Jack The Ripper The Diary Of Jack The Ripper
The First Rasta The First Rasta The Genius And The Boys The Genius And The Boys The Jolson Story The Jolson Story
The Last Journey Of A Genius The Last Journey Of A Genius The Legend of Marilyn Monroe The Legend of Marilyn Monroe The life of L.L. Bean The life of L.L. Bean
The Long Walk Of Nelson Mandela The Long Walk Of Nelson Mandela The Many Faces of Lee Harvey Oswald The Many Faces of Lee Harvey Oswald The Murder Of Fred Hampton The Murder Of Fred Hampton
The Peter Sellers Story The Peter Sellers Story The Real Dr. Jekyll And Mr Hyde The Real Dr. Jekyll And Mr Hyde The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson
The Secret Life Of L. Ron Hubbard The Secret Life Of L. Ron Hubbard The Shakers The Shakers The Shrinking World of L Ron Hubbard The Shrinking World of L Ron Hubbard
The Two Escobars The Two Escobars Thomas Sankara - The Upright Man Thomas Sankara - The Upright Man True Story Of Che Guevara True Story Of Che Guevara
Uncle Saddam Uncle Saddam Victoria Cross: For Valour Victoria Cross: For Valour When Louis Theroux met Jimmy Savile When Louis Theroux met Jimmy Savile
Winston Churchill - The Path to Power Winston Churchill - The Path to Power Wright Brothers Wright Brothers  
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured