DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

People's Century 1933 - Master Race

« People's Century 1930 - Sporting Fever

People's Century 1939 - Total War »

Description

From Wikipedia

People's Century

Master Race
1933

Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, is the popular name for the country of Germany while governed by Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) from 1933 to 1945.

On 30 January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Although he initially headed a coalition government, he quickly eliminated his government partners. The Nazi regime restored economic prosperity and ended mass unemployment using heavy spending on the military, while suppressing labor unions and strikes. The return of prosperity gave it enormous popularity, and no serious opposition ever emerged (apart from an assassination attempt by aristocrats in the army in 1944). The Gestapo (secret police) under Heinrich Himmler destroyed the liberal, Socialist and Communist opposition and persecuted the Jews, trying to force them into exile, while taking their property. The Party took control of the courts, local government, and all civic organizations except the Protestant and Catholic churches. All expressions of public opinion were controlled by Hitler's propaganda minister, Joseph Goebbels, who made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hynoptic speaking. The Nazi state idolized Hitler as its Führer (leaders), putting all powers in his hands. Nazi propaganda centered on Hitler and was quite effective in creating what historians called the "Hitler Myth"--that Hitler was all-wise and that any mistakes or failures by others would be corrected when brought to his attention. In fact Hitler had a narrow range of interests and decision making was diffused among overlapping, feuding power centers; on some issues he was passive, simply assenting to pressures from whomever had his ear. All top officials reported to Hitler and followed his basic policies, but they had considerable autonomy on a daily basis.

Hitler's diplomatic strategy in the 1930s was to make seemingly reasonable demands, threatening war if they were not met. When opponents tried to appease him, he accepted the gains that were offered, then went to the next target. That aggressive strategy worked as Germany pulled out of the League of Nations (1933), rejected the Versailles Treaty and began to re-arm (1935), won back the Saar (1935), remilitarized the Rhineland (1936), formed an alliance ("axis") with Mussolini's Italy (1936), sent massive military aid to Franco in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), seized Austria (1938), took over Czechoslovakia after the British and French appeasement of the Munich Agreement of 1938, formed a peace pact with Stalin's Russia in August 1939, and finally invaded Poland in September 1939. Briatain and France declared war and World War II began--somewhat sooner than the Nazis expected or were ready for.

During the war, Germany conquered or controlled most of Europe and Northern Africa. The Nazis persecuted and killed millions of Jews, Romani people and others in the Holocaust Final Solution. Despite its Axis alliance with other nations, mainly Italy and Japan, by 8 May 1945 Germany had been defeated by the Allied Powers, and was occupied by the Soviet Union, US, UK and France.

 

Tags

 

Other videos in channel "People's Century":

People's Century 1900 - Age of Hope People's Century 1900 - Age of Hope People's Century 1914 - Killing Fields People's Century 1914 - Killing Fields People's Century 1917 - Red Flag People's Century 1917 - Red Flag
People's Century 1919 - Lost Peace People's Century 1919 - Lost Peace People's Century 1926 - On the Line People's Century 1926 - On the Line
People's Century 1927 - Great Escape People's Century 1927 - Great Escape People's Century 1929 - Breadline People's Century 1929 - Breadline People's Century 1930 - Sporting Fever People's Century 1930 - Sporting Fever
People's Century 1933 - Master Race People's Century 1933 - Master Race People's Century 1939 - Total War People's Century 1939 - Total War
People's Century 1945 - Brave New World People's Century 1945 - Brave New World People's Century 1945 - Fallout People's Century 1945 - Fallout People's Century 1947 - Freedom Now People's Century 1947 - Freedom Now
People's Century 1948 - Boomtime People's Century 1948 - Boomtime People's Century 1949 - Great Leap Forward People's Century 1949 - Great Leap Forward People's Century 1951 - Asia Rising People's Century 1951 - Asia Rising
People's Century 1954 - Living Longer People's Century 1954 - Living Longer People's Century 1958 - Guerrilla Wars People's Century 1958 - Guerrilla Wars People's Century 1959 - Endangered Planet People's Century 1959 - Endangered Planet
People's Century 1963 - Picture Power People's Century 1963 - Picture Power People's Century 1989 - People Power People's Century 1989 - People Power  
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured