The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass murder of an estimated 800,000 people in the East African state of Rwanda. Over the course of approximately 100 days (from the assassination of JuvÃ©nal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira on April 6 through mid-July) over 500,000 people were killed, according to a Human Rights Watch estimate. Estimates of the death toll have ranged from 500,000â€“1,000,000, or as much as 20% of the country's total population. It was the culmination of longstanding ethnic competition and tensions between the minority Tutsi, who had controlled power for centuries, and the majority Hutu peoples, who had come to power in the rebellion of 1959â€“62.
In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda from Uganda in an attempt to defeat the Hutu-led government. They began the Rwandan Civil War, fought between the Hutu regime, with support from Francophone Africa and France, and the RPF, with support from Uganda. This exacerbated ethnic tensions in the country. In response, many Hutu gravitated toward the Hutu Power ideology, with the prompting of state-controlled and independent Rwandan media.
Shake Hands With The Devil
Shake Hands With The Devil - The Journey Of Romeo Dallaire
The Rwandan Genocide was in 1994 & 10 years on the UNAMIR commander returns to the nation he saw torn apart in an outbreak of African style mass murder. All the while with a direct line to the West, and the UN in New York, which sat back in luke-warm horror, loyal to a bureacracy of inept officialdom. Both he, and the people of Rwanda struggle to come to terms with the realities behind this event.
Rwandan Genocide - Rwanda
Special Assignment takes a look at the genocide in Rwanda and where those who were responsible are now.
After the Genocide - Rwanda
When the genocide ended, many women formed associations to rebuild their communities. Thirteen years on, these associations have redefined the role of women in Rwandan society. Forty-eight percent of MPs in Rwanda are women -- the highest proportion in the world.
An inspiring story about the Rwandan genocide, a troupe of female drummers and the healing power of ice cream.