Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili
18 December 1878 â€“ 5 March 1953
was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union and subsequently after victory in World War II became one of the most powerful and influential men in human history commanding the third largest empire in human history.
Stalin launched a command economy, replacing the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with Five-Year Plans and launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization. The upheaval in the agricultural sector disrupted food production, resulting in widespread famine, such as the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932-1933, known in Ukraine as the Holodomor.
During the late 1930s, Stalin launched the Great Purge (also known as the "Great Terror"), a campaign to purge the Communist Party of people accused of sabotage, terrorism, or treachery; he extended it to the military and other sectors of Soviet society. Targets were often executed, imprisoned in Gulag labor camps or exiled. In the years following, millions of ethnic minorities were also deported.
In 1939, the Soviet Union under Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany (after Neville Chamberlain of Britain refused to sign a similar pact with him), followed by a Soviet invasion of Poland, Finland, the Baltics, Bessarabia and northern Bukovina. After Germany violated the pact in 1941, the Soviet Union joined the Allies to play a large role in the Axis defeat, at the cost of the largest death toll for any country in the war. His Soviet Union subsequently emerged as the key victor of the war against the Axis Powers. Thereafter, contradicting statements at allied conferences, Stalin installed communist governments in most of Eastern Europe, forming the Eastern bloc, behind what was referred to as an "Iron Curtain" of Soviet rule. Stalin's rivalry with Harry S. Truman for World domination and their disagreements launched the long period of antagonism known as the Cold War.
Stalin made efforts to augment his public image and a cult of personality developed around him; however, his successor, Nikita Khrushchev, denounced his legacy and drove the process of de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union.
Joe Building -The Stalin Memorial Lecture' (2006)
Stalin and 1941
Exploring Josef Stalin's handling of the conflict between the Soviet Union and Germany during the Second World War, revealing how the dictator's mental frailties nearly caused his country to fall to the Nazis in 1941, and examining the compromises he was forced to make in order to survive. Also investigating the events that led to Stalin eventually siding with the Allied powers, including Winston Churchill's 1942 visit to Moscow.
Stalin and the Betrayal of Leningrad
Documentary investigating what took place in the Soviet city of Leningrad after Russian troops emerged victorious at the end of a grueling 900-day siege by the Germans during World War Two. In spite of the army's success, Stalin executed the war heroes who gave their all during the campaign and imprisoned their families. This program uses classified documents and survivors' testimonies to piece together events in an attempt to explain the Russian dictator's reasons for the massacre.
Declassified - Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin - Red Terror
Joseph Stalin ranks as one of the greatest tyrants of all time, responsible for the deaths of 20 million of his own countrymen. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the extent of Stalin's atrocities has been revealed, and he has taken his place alongside Hitler as one of the most reviled leaders of the century. This comprehensive portrait revisits the life of "Uncle Joe" via Soviet archival film and an astonishing collection of interviews.
Mystery of Stalin's Death
This Soviet figure was probably one of the most prolific leaders the world has ever known. He led the Soviet Union to victory during the Second World War, though many suffered greatly under his rule. His personal life was complicated, and the circumstances surrounding his death still remain a secret. He was the man with an iron heart: Joseph Stalin.
Joseph Stalin - Man of Steel
Documentary on Soviet Union dictator - Joseph Stalin, who was the Russian leader under Socialist/Communist rule.
MONSTER: A PORTRAIT OF STALIN IN BLOOD
This six part series, produced by Alexandre Ivankin at Contact Studio, Moscow, uses never before released films from the Russian archives and personal interviews to tell the true story of the annihilation of approximately 40 million Russians by Stalin.
Episode 1: Stalin and Mind Control
Stalin marshalls Soviet media to manipulate the minds of his population. All organs of communication are taken under Stalin's control, including painting, sculpture, poetry, theater, cinema and architecture -even opera and ballet.
Episode 2: Stalin's Secret Police:
Stalin's rise to power is attributed largely to his control of the vast secret police complex, known first as the Cheka and later the NKVD, which became the KGB. At Stalin's direction the secret police becomes the bludgeon with which Stalin enforces his political and personal will, liquidating party rivals, purging the Red Army, and creating the Gulag, massive system of slave labor and liquidation camps.
Episode 3: War
At the end of World War II, it is said that Josef Stalin led his countrymen to the greatest ever victory. He has been the architect of victory, the master strategist, or so his people believe. However, Stalin's most devastating victory so far as been his annihilation of the truth.
Episode 4: The Private Life of Joseph Stalin.
Stalin is born of doubtful parenthood and grows up a Marxist and a revolutionary, organizing riots and robbing banks to fund party activities. While Stalin is twice-married, both wives die suspicious deaths, the first of "typhoid" after being kicked in the stomach while pregnant, and the second of "appendicitis" after committing suicide. Stalin then systematically murders or imprisons his many in-laws. Witnesses of these events furnish the horrid details.