Animal Farm is a British animated film by Halas and Batchelor, based on the book of the same name by George Orwell, that was published in England on August 17, 1945, and written during World War II. It was the first British animated feature released worldwide. Despite the title and Disney-esque animal animation, it is in fact a no-holds-barred adaptation of George Orwell's classic satire on Stalinism, with the animals taking over their farm by means of a revolutionary coup, but then discovering that although all animals are supposed to be equal, some are more equal than others.
is a dystopian allegorical novella by George Orwell. Published in
England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and
during the Stalin era before World War II. Orwell, a democratic
socialist and a member of the Independent
Labour Party for many years, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and was
suspicious of Moscow-directed Stalinism after his experiences with the
NKVD during the Spanish Civil War. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell
described Animal Farm as his novel "contre Stalin".
The original title was Animal Farm: A Fairy Story
, but A Fairy Story
was dropped by the US publishers for its 1946 publication. Of all the
translations during Orwell's lifetime, only Telugu kept the original
title. Other variations in the title include: A Satire
and A Contemporary Satire
. Orwell suggested for the French translation the title Union des rÃ©publiques socialistes animales
, recalling the French name of the Soviet Union, Union des rÃ©publiques socialistes soviÃ©tiques
, and which abbreviates URSA, which means "bear", a symbol of Russia, in Latin.