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Chile
Chile - Coup d'état - September 11, 1973
The Crimes of Pinochet - Chile
Cueca - Chile
Damming of the Bio Bio - Chile
Buying-up Eden - Chile
Fighting the Past - Chile
Chile Rising
Welcome to Chile

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Description

Chile

From Wikipedia

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas and Easter Island. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

santiago-chile-liberal-arts-study-abroad-program-puyehue-andes-359.jpg

The northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern and central Chile was under Inca rule while independent Mapuche inhabited south-central Chile. Chile declared its independence from Spain on 12 February 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879–83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its current northern territory. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were completely subjugated. In 1973 General Augusto Pinochet overthrew Chilean President Salvador Allende and instituted a 16-year-long military dictatorship (1973–90) that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.

Today Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations, a recognized middle power and an emerging economy. It leads Latin American nations in human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption. It also ranks high regionally in sustainability of the state, and democratic development. In May 2010, Chile became the first South American nation to join the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.

Chile - Coup d'état - September 11, 1973
On September 11, 1973 a military coup was started by General Augusto Pinochet that ousted the democratically elected President Salvador Allende of Chile. Allende's was the first democratically elected Marxist government in the world. This documentary produced by BBC Four is a chronicle of the event from witnesses and archive footage. A chilling and moving account of the day by perpetrators, as well as those at receiving end, who survived to tell this story of a defining moment in Chile's history. It changed Chile forever. It is the only full length (almost 1 hour) documentary in English on it. Also, it is the only documentary that takes into account both sides of the story.

The Crimes of Pinochet - Chile
November 1998
He claimed he was Chile's saviour but devised one of the worst concentration camp regimes since Hitler's 'Grand Plan.' As Chile comes to terms with General Pinochet's death, we offer you the definitive film on his crimes.

Under Pinochet's regime, over a quarter of a million people were detained in prisons like the Chacabuco desert camp. These are the only images to have emerged from his camps and reveal the true horror of his regime. "They must stay here until they realise they are on the wrong path," states the guard at Chacabuco Concentration camp. Nearby prisoners suspected of being Communists are forced to march and sing military songs. One of the victims filmed at the camp was Patricia Letelier. Now, she lives in exile in Scotland and recalls what happened to her at Chacabuco. "I heard shouting and screaming and knew what was waiting for me. Shortly afterwards my own torture began." Powerful images show men kneeling with their hands in the air, being kicked and beaten with the butts of soldiers' guns. Others show men being marched into the stadium stripped naked with blankets over their heads.

Cueca - Chile
May 2008
Reporter Mark Corcoran needed a guide to cueca. In Santiago he found Mario Rojas, one of the most famous exponents of the dance, who spreads the good word internationally through his satellite tv show.

Rojas explains that cueca began among the working classes in places where there would be wine, women and song.

Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures

Damming of the Bio Bio - Chile
Nov 1997
The damming of the Biobìo is a pivotal conflict for Chile - a battle between new democracy and the shady world of Pinochet's fascism. When civilian government returned in 1990 an indigenous Law was passed. It allowed the Mapuche people threatened by the dam to register claims. Yet most people were simply too scared to complain.
"They're afraid in case the government gets angry with them and sends the military to smash them" But a brave few are testing out the new law. Two lawyers fight it out over a key parcel of land. They're two sides of Chile's past. The Mapuche's lawyer: a former exile and prisoner of Pinochet's regime.
The power company's lawyer: a founding member of the firm. It's a tough fight. Many of today's senators, judges and military officers were
hand selected by Pinochet. Attending the 24th anniversary of his ascension to power it's clear that his influence is intact. Here he's getting more medals while a military band salute his honour. As he still receives support from home, the Mapuche lawyer neatly sums it up: "The government of Pinochet has ended, but not the power of Pinochet."

Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures

Buying-up Eden - Chile
April 1999
Millionaire Doug Tompkins wanted to save a rainforest, so he went out and bought one in Southern Chile. Many Chileans though are not so keen on his philanthropy and regard him with suspicion.

The self-made millionaire of the Esprit clothing company now languishes in an Eden of lush forest, deep rivers and abundant wildlife. His massive reserve, Pumalin Park, is an oasis of biodiverstiy. Conservative politician Jaime Orpis regards the swath of land controlled by Tompkins as a threat to national security. His reserve is a strategic 100km long corridor from the Argentine border to central Chile. For a nation still on the periphery of economic success having such a staunch anti-developmentalist tying up resources is also deeply irritating. Many would prefer him to take his high ideals back home. Tompkins though, came to Chile with a dream and despite the knocks he's staying until the government agrees to protect his park themselves.

Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures

Fighting the Past - Chile
1 February 1999
A powerful and comprehensive report on the divides that dominate Chilean society.

Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures

Chile Rising
Jan 2, 2012
Chilean students have taken over schools and city streets in the largest protests the country has seen in decades.
The students are demanding free education, and an end to the privatisation of their schools and universities. The free-market based approach to education was implemented by the military dictator Augusto Pinochet in his last days in power.

The protests are causing a political crisis for Sebastian Pinera, the country's president. But what are the underlying issues driving the anger?
As the demonstrations in Chile coincide with protests erupting globally, Fault Lines follows the Chilean student movement during their fight in a country plagued by economic inequality.

Welcome to Chile

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