Colombia is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. It is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is the 26th largest country by area and the fourth largest in South America after Brazil, Argentina and Peru. With over 46 million people, Colombia is the 27th largest country in the world by population and has the second largest population of any Spanish-speaking country in the world, after Mexico. Colombia is a middle power, and is the fourth largest economy in Latin America, and the third largest in South America. The production of coffee, flowers, emeralds, coal, and oil form the primary sector of Colombia's economy. Colombia is an emerging market and it is also part of the group of emerging countries CIVETS. The world's third biggest bank HSBC has created a perspective on the economic outlook in 2050 where Colombia is seen playing a decisive role in the global economy, especially in the Americas.
Colombia - Stories That Kill
July 2, 2000
Plagued by violence, drug trafficking, and corruption, Colombia is one of the world's most dangerous places to be a journalist. We look at what kind of speech is being silenced, by whom, and how. Today, independent journalists working up against the boundaries of free speech share with us their struggle to tell the stories of the country's bloody reality, a task they feel is key to creating more peaceful Colombia. Join us as our team, supported by Mark Shapiro of the Center for Investigative Reporting, speaks with award-winning journalist Hollman Morris, who explains why the secret police monitor his activities and the president calls him a terrorist. He and others like him work to expose the reasons and effects of Colombias conflicts. They speak out despite the risk to their lives to give voice to the victims of war, the indigenous, and the opposition, working to achieve peace.
Colombia's Emerald Tsar
Colombia is known for many things. On the plus side there is its vibrant lifestyle, its diverse and beautiful landscape with heart stopping vistas, its rich culture and history and of course its fabulous coffee. On the debit side there is its unfortunate place at the top of the world league of cocaine producers and a reputation for violence born out of South America's longest running armed conflict, between government forces, left wing insurgents and right wing paramilitaries. And then there are its emeralds. To those who covet the sparkling green gems, Colombia is where the very finest stones - those with the deepest colour and fewest imperfections and trace elements - are to be found. Emeralds have been mined there since antiquity and were as much prized by the Incan nobility as they were by the Spanish conquistadors who spread across the 'new world' in the 16th century. Today, Colombia is responsible for almost two thirds of the world's production of fine emeralds; commerce that brings in hundreds of million dollars of much needed export income.
Colombia's Gold Rush
Gold fever is sweeping across South America. Nowhere is it more lethal than in Colombia, where the gold rush has become a new axle in Colombia's civil war. Turf wars are erupting between paramilitaries, and leftist rebel groups fighting to take control of mining regions. It's fueling an old ideological conflict and has displacing hundreds of people.
Helicopter raids by the Colombian Army on small community mining collectives have become commonplace, and the Colombian government is accused of targeting poor workers to protect big business interests, and operating with impunity from human rights violations.
Thousands have fled their homes where land is violently contested, and others live in fear they'll be removed from their land, arrested, or killed.
The multinationals are flooding in too. With gold now worth around ,500 an ounce, everyone is getting in on the act, including North American mining companies. Colombia's pro-business mentality has seen arbitrary concessions by the state sold to multinational companies, often on indigenous land.
Fault Lines traveled to Colombia to speak to the people caught in the middle. The rural workers and artisan miners who've mined for generations, and some whose ancestors were enslaved during the first gold rush centuries ago. Others are former coca farmers, put out of work by the US-led Plan Colombia.
The Colombia Connection
Press TV's documentary program 'The Colombia connection' reveals the ugly face of US military aid to Colombia and of the American government's interference in the affairs of Latin American nations.
Living in the Sewers of Colombia
Aside from literally sleeping in feces, these people are dodging rats, flash floods and drug addicts. What's worse, the sewer dwellers are constantly under attack by local "death squads," who fire open rounds and pour gasoline into their underground homes, then set them ablaze.
Hosted by Thomas Morton | Originally released in 2007 at http://vice.com
Colombia - Caught in the Crossfire
France24 documentary by Romeo Langlois on an antinarcotics operation that went really bad and how Colombian soldiers set up a defense perimeter to save the journalist live paying the ultimate price.
We're The Ones Who Are Dying
Cashing In on the Drug War Failure
Documentary about the colombian armed conflict.
Ross Kemp of the BBC traveled the world exploring gangs in different regions. In Colombia, South America he investigated the gangs of "sicarios" who work as hitmen for the drug cartels.
Pablo Escobar - King of Cocaine
Incorporating never before-seen archival footage, home movies and interviews with family members, journalists and law enforcement officials, this tells the story of the twisted Robin Hood who founded the Medellin cartel cocaine smuggling organization and became the first billionaire criminal in South America.
The Two Escobars
AndrÃ©s Escobar Saldarriaga
(13 March 1967 â€“ 2 July 1994)
was a Colombian footballer who was shot and killed in MedellÃn. It is widely believed that he was murdered due to his own goal in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, which supposedly would have caused gambling losses to several powerful drug lords. AndrÃ©s Escobar is still held in the highest regard by Colombian fans, and is especially mourned and remembered by AtlÃ©tico Nacional's fans. His brother, Santiago, has managed many Colombian teams.
World's Scariest Drug
VICE's Ryan Duffy went to Colombia to check out a strange and powerful drug called Scopolamine, also known as "The Devil's Breath." It's a substance so intense that it renders a person incapable of exercising free will. The first few days in the country were a harrowing montage of freaked-out dealers and unimaginable horror stories about Scopolamine. After meeting only a few people with firsthand experience, the story took a far darker turn than we ever could have imagined.
A Jail in Colombia
A look inside the La Modelo prison in Bogota, Colombia. Called a "model" prison by Colombia officials the prison in reality is controlled more by the prisoners than the guards. With 5000 prisoners for 2400 spots, and not more than 150 security guards assigned to the prison. The prison is awash in violence, and drugs. Last year, 162 prisoners were killed there. The prison is controlled by three criminal groups: members of the guerrilla movement, paramilitary forces, and cocaine traffickers. They have broken the prison up into three different territories and each group has it's own security forces, defending it's own territory.
Nunca Mas (Never Again) - Colombia's internally displaced Peoples
"As a study in remembrance, this documentary presents images and accounts of the Uraba AntioqueÃ±o and Chocoano communities, who were victims of the armed factions present in Colombia: guerrilla, paramilitary groups and the army. These are the elements that influenced the way they were violently expelled from their lands in 1997."
A Bouquet from Colombia
Behind its dark statistics, Colombia has one of the largest biodiversity of flowers in the world, and a population just as diverse. 50.000 species of litte-known flowers, just like the districts of this country, the work of its people, their resistance, their fights, their dreams and their desires. Workers of greenhouses, vendors in the streets and cemeteries, social workers, unionists, peasants, artists and children of the street, open their hearts in this moving documentary that explores the flower industry in Colombia and the daily fights of its inhabitants, but mostly draws up in front of our eyes, a bouquet of testimonys, so will blossom, life!
Bogota: Building a Sustainable City
documentary by PBS e2 series. Narrated by Brad Pitt.
During his tenure as mayor of Bogota, Colombia, Enrique Penalosa was both revered and scorned for his urban planning and transportation policies. His public works projects, which largely favored the pedestrian experience, were unlike anything previously built in Bogota. Penalosa describes the environmental and social importance of minimizing automobile culture.
Kontent Real Productions
Narrator: Brad Pit
Forgotten War - Colombia
FARC rebels, government forces and right wing paramilitaries are battling to control war torn Colombia.
Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures
Threat Level Colombia
"Threat Level Colombia", a documentary about climbing in Colombia, South America, a cultural trip and climbing tour.
A team of seven Americans consisting of Kara Caputo, Jon Glassberg, Jonny Hork, Ben Hoyt, Nic Sherman, Jordan Shipman, and Carlo Traversi spent two weeks around the capital city of Bogota, searching or new boulders, establishing first ascents, and soaking in some of the best nightlife on the planet.
This is the documentary about their journey to Colombia and the experiences they want to share with everyone in hopes of motivating you to make the trip to one of the best destinations around.
Fight against drug barons, guerrilla and political lawlessness in Colombia.
Nohelia draws the life of a school director in a village in the colombian rainforest. School is the antithesis to political lawlessness. In every day life ruled by poverty and political despotism, Nohelia teaches her students in Afrocolombianism.
Nohelia: â€žIn order to know where weÂ´re going we have to know where we come from. What do you want to become when youÂ´re grown up? Children: Football player, soldier or drug baron.