Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America. Venezuela's territory covers around 916,445 square kilometres (353,841 sq mi) with an estimated population of 29,105,632. Venezuela is considered a state with extremely high biodiversity, with habitats ranging from the Andes mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rainforest in the south, via extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
The War On Democracy
The War On Democracy' (2007) was John Pilger's first for cinema. It explores the current and past relationship of Washington with Latin American countries such as Venezuela, Bolivia and Chile.
Using archive footage sourced by Michael Moore's archivist Carl Deal, the film shows how serial US intervention, overt and covert, has toppled a series of legitimate governments in the Latin American region since the 1950s. The democratically elected Chilean government of Salvador Allende, for example, was ousted by a US backed coup in 1973 and replaced by the military dictatorship of General Pinochet. Guatemala, Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador have all been invaded by the United States.
John Pilger interviews several ex-CIA agents who took part in secret campaigns against democratic countries in the region. He investigates the School of the Americas in the US state of Georgia, where Pinochet's torture squads were trained along with tyrants and death squad leaders in Haiti, El Salvador, Brazil and Argentina.
The film unearths the real story behind the attempted overthrow of Venezuela's President Hugo ChÃ¡vez in 2002 and how the people of the barrios of Caracas rose up to force his return to power.
It also looks at the wider rise of populist governments across South America lead by indigenous leaders intent on loosening the shackles of Washington and a fairer redistribution of the continent's natural wealth.
John Pilger says: "The film is about the struggle of people to free themselves from a modern form of slavery". These people, he says, "describe a world not as American presidents like to see it as useful or expendable, they describe the power of courage and humanity among people with next to nothing. They reclaim noble words like democracy, freedom, liberation, justice, and in doing so they are defending the most basic human rights of all of us in a war being waged against all of us."
'The War On Democracy' was a Youngheart Entertainment, Granada and Michael Watt production. It was released in UK cinemas on 15 June 2007 and broadcast on ITV1, 20 August 2007. Directors: John Pilger and Chris Martin. Producers: Chris Martin and Wayne Young. Editor: Joe Frost. The film was made with the support of the humanitarian financier Michael Watt.
Awards: Best Documentary Award, 2008 One World Awards, London. The panel's citation read: "There are six criteria the judges are asked to use to select the winner of this award: the film's impact on public opinion, its appeal to a wide audience, its inclusion of voices from the developing world, its high journalistic or production standards, its success in conveying the impact of the actions of the world's rich on the lives of the poor and the extent to which it draws attention to possible solutions. One film met every one of these. It was the winner of the award: John Pilger's 'The War on Democracy'."
Failed CIA coup in Venezuela
No Ordinary President - Venezuela
Chavez has been attracting increased hostility from the Venezuelan middle and upper class and from Washington, who call for liberty and democracy instead of communism.
We go to Venezuela to profile this complex man and ask why the tide has turned against him. . His idea is simple: take from the rich and give to the poor. "This man is destroying the country with hunger and destitution. We don't want communism, we want liberty and democracy," yells an enraged protestor as he joins the middle class Venezuelans taking to the streets. The atmosphere is full of hostility and anger, a far cry from the colourful parade the other side of town. "Chavez is the best president. We love him. He governs for the poor." Chavez's populist talk of revolution has put him and his supporters on a collision course with the upper and middle classes and with Washington. Chavez is threatening to turn their world upside down, and they're not happy. What next for the beleagured president?
Hugo Chavez Assassination
Hugo Chavez Assassination Documentary by Greg Palaste.
Hugo Chavez talks to RT
HARDtalk - Hugo ChÃ¡vez, President of Venezuela
In an exclusive interview filmed in 2010, Stephen Sackur talks to the former President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez. During the interview the President delivered an uncompromising message, accusing the Obama administration of 'imperialist pretensions'. He rejected accusations that he incarcerated opponents and defended his friendship with the President of Iran.
Beauty Obsession - Venezuela
Venezuela has had four Miss Universes and five Miss Worlds in the past two decades.
Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures
Oil Politics and Hugo Chavez
Venezuela - Oil Politics and Hugo Chavez - BBC Our World Documentary, recorded 18.02.2011
Are the wheels coming off of Venezuela's socialist revolution? Around 40 per cent of the new parliament is comprised of MP's from opposition parties. James Robbins investigates whether President Chavez can push through his programme in this divided country.
The Revolution Will Not Be Televised
The Revolution Will Not Be Televised is a powerful film about the charismatic and controversial Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez. It charts the attempt to overthrow him in April 2002 and provides an eyewitness account of his extraordinary return to power some forty-eight hours later.
Venezuela from Below (2004)
This documentary consists mostly of interviews with working-class Venezuelan women and men, including a few long-time left activists, talking about how they have been affecting and affected by the changes in Venezuela since the election of Hugo Chavez. It will disappoint those looking for "balance" between revolutionary and counter-revolutionary views, but will be of great interest to those interested in understanding the accomplishments and limitations of the Bolivarian process
The Mountain of Mystery
South of Venezuela is a region dominated by large rock formations in the Precambrian era surrounded by the largest virgin forest in the world. Is Guayanes Massif, whose majestic tepuis (mountain pemone language) have always been feared and revered by the natives of the area. This chapter takes a tour of these giants intense geological and untamed nature around them, while making contact with some of the tribes that inhabit the Orinoco basin.
Separating the tepuis fly over the Amazon basin of the Orinoco to reach the largest of these, the Auyan Tepuy. The flat surface of the summit is 700 square kilometers and boasts the highest waterfall in the world. This impressive waterfall of nearly a mile high, called Angel Falls is considered taboo by the Indians as gods who inhabit it should not be seen.
The tour of this enigmatic region, one of the least explored of Venezuela, we will live with native tribes as Sanema. Know their traditional lifestyles and follow them into the forest, which was admitted to hunt. We will witness the rituals by which, through the use of powerful hallucinogens, are introduced to the gods who dwell this amazing region dominated by the tepuis.
Death Squads - Venezuela
This shocking report investigates police executions, death squads and the hardline American cop brought in to sort the mess out.
Produced by ABC Australia
Distributed by Journeyman Pictures
Total Control - Venezuela
Hugo Chavez is the outspoken champion of Venezuela, thorn in the USs side and saviour of the poor. Now that Bush is gone and capitalism has taken a beating, can Chavezs socialist revolution last?
'Savage, irrational inequality' - Chavez describes capitalism to a captivated crowd. The poor see Chavez as a saint and everywhere he goes red-shirted 'Chavistas follow. But his popularity has always depended upon healthy capitalism. 'High oil prices have allowed Chavez to mask the fact that he has destroyed the economy' says one economist. Whilst the world was buying oil at record prices, Chavez could fund his social programs even as the private sector crumbled. Almost every company he's nationalised has turned into a loss maker and as the recession continues, the extent of Venezuela's problems are exposed. 'Since Chavez came to power, the murder rate has doubled to more than 100 a week' reveals our reporter. Now that the opposition has won control of Caracas in municipal elections, Chavez is showing himself increasingly hostile to cooperation. 'More than 30 hooded men with guns, pistols and machine guns attacked the offices where I should be working as Mayor' says opposition leader Ledezma. Just as unbridled greed has undermined capitalism, Chavez's autocratic socialism is jeopardising the benefits of his revolution.
El Commandante - Venezuela
His enemies accuse him of turning Venezuela into a Communist dictatorship. But is Chavez's vision of a socialist economy the new future of Latin America?
In the slums of Caracas, Dr Isol Capote's surgery is open for business. It's all part of a deal which provides cheap oil for Castro in exchange for Cuban doctors. The deal has enraged America, which wants to overthrow Castro. But the barrios are delighted: It's the first time they've had access to free medical care. "Under the old government, the poor were repressed," explains one resident. "Now there's justice and people are more equal." Chavez's enemies accuse him of buying votes and fomenting class hatred. They're received US funding and are working to overthrow him. But Chavez himself remains unconcerned. "We can't accept that we're just the United States' backyard ... we have to be free."
Uncle Sam's Coup - Venezuela
When Chavez was briefly ousted from power in 2002, many suspected America was involved. Now, a lawyer has obtained incriminating CIA documents proving it was.
A top secret CIA brief, written five days before the coup, proves the most incriminating. "It says the coup will take place in the first weeks of April, violence will be provoked in an opposition rally and the President will be taken prisoner", states lawyer, Eva Golinger. "This is what happened." Golinger has spent the last three years investigating the coup, tracing the money trail from Washington to key organisations involved. "It wasn't just that they were giving them money. They quadrupled the funding from 2001 to 2002." Other declassified documents show the US Embassy praising the coup leader as "the right man at the right time for Venezuela". Remarkably, although the coup failed, Washington has stepped up its funding for the opposition. As Golinger states: "It's as if they said 'We didn't give you guys enough. We've got to give you more because you failed.'" But ironically, America's support for the opposition seems to have only strengthened Chavez's hold on power.